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Visuals & Appendices

Tables, Figures, Appendices

In This Section

This section explains how to include visuals such as figures (graphs, photographs, etc.), tables, and appendices in your paper.

This section covers

Whenever you include a visual or appendix, don't forget to reference the source in the References page.

Images

When using images in your work, make sure they serve a purpose and are effective. The Library Resource Centre provides information for students on copyright and images.

Most images on the Internet are copyright protected and using an image without permission may be copyright infringement.

Databases with Available Images

The Library Resource Centre lists databases that permit the use of electronic images for educational purposes provided that the image is properly referenced.  These databases allow the option of creating an appropriate reference. Use this reference as a foundation and modify the format to adhere to APA @ Conestoga.

Formatting Images in Your Work

When adding images to your paper, decide how you want to use the image.  There are two options: content images (figures) and decorative images.  The following outline how to address each.

Content images (Figures)

Content images (figures) are images you discuss in your work.

Decorative images

Decorative images are images you include in your visual work for aesthetics but do not discuss.

 

Figures

A figure includes any visual such as a photograph, chart, graph, or drawing.

This section outlines how to properly include figures in your paper.

Figure Placement

There are two options for placing figures in your paper:

  1. in the document close to where they were mentioned OR

  2. at the end of the paper in an appendix.

Ask your instructor for specific expectations of figure placements in your assignment.

Referring to Figures

Number figures in the sequence they are mentioned in the text.

Example

figure 1
figure 2

Refer to every figure in text by the figure's number. Do not write "The figure above" or the "The figure below."

Example

As shown in Figure 1… 
…(see Figure 1). 
Figure 2 depicts…

Formatting Figures

Captions and labels should be double-spaced, 12 pt., Arial font, and left aligned. All information is located directly below the figure.

There are four steps to labelling and citing a figure in your paper:

1. Label the Figure.

2. Provide a Caption.

3. Acknowledge How the Information Was Used.

Use one of the following phrases:

4. Cite the Source Using Modified Split Citation Format.

Use the author's last name followed by the year and page/paragraph number in brackets.

Example

Author (year, p. # / para. #)

Example of Figure

Place the label, caption, acknowledgement of how the source was used, and the citation below the figure. See below for an example:

Image of figure. Lable figure. Provide caption. Acknowledge how the information was used. Cite the source.

Tables

Tables are lists of data arranged in columns.

This section outlines how to properly include tables in your paper.  

Table Placement Options

There are two options for placing tables in your paper:

  1. in the document close to where they are mentioned in the text OR

  2. at the end of the paper in an appendix.

Ask your instructor if he or she has a specific expectation for figure placement in your assignment.

Referring to Tables

Number tables in the sequence they are mentioned in the text (for example, Table 1, Table 2, etc.).

Refer to every table in the text by its number. Do not write "the table above" or "the table below."

Example

As shown in Table 1… 
…(see Table 1). 
Table 2 depicts…

Formatting Tables

All information should be double-spaced, 12 pt., Arial font, and left-aligned.  The information is located directly below the table.

There are 4 steps to labelling and citing a table in your paper:

1. Label the Table.

2. Provide a Title.

3. Acknowledge How the Information Was Used.

Use one of the following phrases to acknowledge the source:

4. Cite the Source Using Modified Split Citation Format.

Use the author's last name followed by the year and page/paragraph number in brackets.

Example

Author (year, p. # / para. #)

Example of Table

Place the label, title, acknowledgement of how the source was used, and the citation below the table. See below for an example:

Image of table. Lable the table. Provide title. Awknowledge how the information was used. Cite the source modified in  citation.

Appendix / Appendices

If you have supplemental material for your paper that would be useful for your reader but distracting in the body of your paper, you can place this material at the end of your paper in an appendix or appendices. This supplemental material may include large visuals, detailed research study results, surveys, questionnaires, etc.

This section outlines how to include an appendix/appendices in your paper.

Referring to Appendices

Always refer to appendices in the body of your paper.

Example

This study displayed the preferred outcome (see Appendix A).
See Appendix B for an example of the survey that was administered.

Placement of Appendices

Each appendix must be on a separate page.

Appendices are placed after the reference page(s).

Formatting Appendices

Labels and titles of appendices should be centered and bolded (as a Level 1 heading).

Text in an appendix should be left aligned.

Labelling Appendices

Label appendices in the same order that they are mentioned in your paper.

Include the title of the appendix below the label.

Example of Appendix

Image of labelling appendices. Lable the appendix. Include the title of the appendix on the line below.

Checklist

Use the Visuals & Appendices Checklist to guide you through the steps listed above.  This checklist can be downloaded and printed.

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